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Late Middle Ages

Metalworking: Omega fibula

Ratna Drost (NL)

The fibula was worn by both men, women and children. The more elaborated ones with gems or precious stones, were made for the rich upper-class. One of the easiest fibulae easiest to make, is the ‘omega’ fibula. The Romans were very fond of jewelry. Women as well as men, wore rings, bracelets and necklaces. A special, but at the same time ordinary, piece of jewelry was the ‘fibula’.


Marc van Hasselt (NL)
Hannah Fraza (NL)

Much of our historical knowledge comes from written accounts. The art of bookbinding was, for much of our history, an important physical aspect of knowledge accumulation and dissemination. It can also encompass several other crafts such as illumination or calligraphy.

Pottery: (Roman) Coarse Ware

Ratna Drost (NL)

The Romans had and used different types of pottery. Normally, Roman pottery falls into three categories: Amphorae, pottery used for transportation and storage, usually undecorated; Coarse ware, used for everyday necessities and extremely common; Fine ware, a combination of functional and decorative requirements. Therefore it might be painted or glazed.

Spinning with a Spindle

Hannah Fraza (NL)
Spinning yarn is the first step to creating cloth. There are multiple ways of spinning, you could, for example, also use a spinning wheel or a stick which you roll against your leg, but a spindle is one of the most basic and simple methods which can be used anywhere you go. By spinning you twist all the separate hairs in the wool into a single strand, this makes a piece of yarn a lot stronger than just some loose hairs.

Tablet weaving

Hannah Fraza (NL)
Sarah Goslee (US) (from

With tablet weaving you create very decorative belts. By turning the tablets, a space is opened between the stands of yarn (the warp) through which the weft is intersected. By turning the tablets backwards or forwards different patterns can be achieved, this, of course, also depends on how you thread the different colours of yarn through the cards.

Archeon (NL)

Founded in 1994, Archeon covers 10,000 years of human development in the Netherlands. From hunter-gatherers in the Stone Age and farmers in the Bronze and Iron Ages, through the Roman period and right up to everyday life in 1340 AD, “Archaeo-interpreters” show what life was...

Archäologisches FreilichtMuseum Oerlinghausen (DE)

Southeast of Bielefeld near the Teutoburger Forrest, one finds the Archäologisches Freilichtmuseum Oerlinghausen (AFM), originally founded by the “Reichsverband für Deutsche Vorgeschichte” as a political presentation of...

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